Civil Resistance in South Africa 1970’s to 1980’s Lesson Plan – Grade 12

Activity Introduction

To complement the Nelson Mandela in Cape Town Legacy Exhibition, a supportive education programme has been developed for primary and secondary school learners by the City of Cape Town in partnership with the Nelson Mandela Foundation, Western Cape Government and Responsible Tourism Cape Town. This specific lesson plan consists of 20 activities designed to introduce learners without (and even those with) access to additional history materials to civil resistance in the apartheid era. This includes the growing power of the trade union movement, various responses to Botha’s “reforms”, the ECC and Black Sash, and the international anti-apartheid movement’s “Free Mandela” campaign.

Grade: 12

Resources Required: Lesson Plan (downloadable below)

Extra Notes: This Lesson Plan links to the Nelson Mandela in Cape Town Legacy Exhibition currently in the City Hall. To get the full lesson experience, visit the exhibition in person if you can. For more information see

Level of teacher facilitation: Moderate

Curriculum links: Social Science (History): Civil resistance in South Africa, 1970s to 1980s

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